21st July 2017, Volume 130 Number 1459

Frank Frizelle, Roger Mulder

One in 15 American doctors contemplated suicide last year.1 Although accurate data are difficult to obtain, a reasonable estimate is that 400 medical students or medical doctors commit suicide annually…

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Author Information

Frank Frizelle, Department of Surgery, Christchurch Hospital, Christchurch; Roger Mulder, Psychological Medicine, University of Otago, Christchurch.

Correspondence

Professor Frank Frizelle, Department of Surgery, Christchurch Hospital, Christchurch.

Correspondence Email

frank.frizelle@cdhb.health.nz

Competing Interests

Nil.

References

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  12. Linzer M, Konrad TR, Douglas J, et al. Managed care, time pressure, and physician job satisfaction: results from the physician worklife study. J Gen Intern Med. 2000; 15:441–450. 
  13. Linzer M, Visser MR, Oort FJ, Smets EM, McMurray JE, de Haes HC; Society of General Internal Medicine (SGIM) Career Satisfaction Study Group (CSSG). Predicting and preventing physician burnout: results from the United States and the Netherlands. Am J Med. 2001; 111:170–175. 
  14. Shanafelt TD, Noseworthy JH. Executive leadership and physician well-being: nine organizational strategies to promote engagement and reduce burnout. Mayo Clin Proc. 2016: 1–18.
  15. Shanafelt TD, Balch CM, Bechamps GJ, et al. Burnout and career satisfaction among American surgeons. Ann Surg. 2009; 250:463–471.
  16. Balch CM, Shanafelt TD, Dyrbye L, et al. Surgeon distress as calibrated by hours worked and nights on call. J Am Coll Surg. 2010; 211:609–619.
  17. Kraft U. Burned out. Scientific American Mind. 2006; 17:28–33.
  18. Shanafelt TD, Noseworthy JH. Executive leadership and physician well-being: nine organizational strategies to promote engagement and reduce burnout. Mayo Clin Proc. 2016: 1–18. 
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  20. Horowitz CR, Suchman AL, Branch WT Jr, Frankel RM. What do doctors find meaningful about their work? Ann Intern Med. 2003; 138(9):772–775.

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